The average lifespan of a wild wolf is around 6 to 8 years, although some wolves can live up to 13 years in the wild. Factors that can affect a wild wolf’s lifespan include disease, predation, human-caused mortality, and competition for resources.
In captivity, wolves can have longer lifespans. They are provided with proper care, veterinary treatment, protection from extreme weather and other hazards, sufficient food, and a safe living environment. In Captivity wolves can live up to 16 years, but living in captivity greatly reduces the wildness of the animal and is not ideal for them.
It is important to note that wild wolves, especially those that live in the northern regions and are subject to harsher weather conditions, have a shorter lifespan than those that live in milder climates. In addition, the wolf population is currently facing significant threats such as habitat loss, hunting, and poaching, which can further decrease the average lifespan of a wild wolf.
Overall, the lifespan of a wolf can vary greatly depending on the circumstances, with wild wolves living shorter lives on average than captive wolves, but it is always better for them to live wild and free in their natural habitats rather than captivity.